The Lajna’s Fatwa Against al-Halabi’s Books of Irja’
In the name of Allah – the Most Merciful – the Dispenser of Mercy
Fatwa Number: 21517 and Dated: 14/6/1421 AH
Praise be to Allah alone, and the Salaah and the Salaam be upon the one after whom there is no prophet… And as for what follows:
For verily, The Permanent body for research and legal opinion was informed about what was mentioned to the eminent General Mufti from some of the sincere ones about the requests for a legal formal opinion specifically for the secretariat general of the Council of Senior Scholars with number: 2928 and dated: 13/5/1421 AH. And number: 2929 and dated: 13/5/1421 AH, regarding the two books: “at-Tahdheer Min Fitnatit-Takfeer” [Warning from the tribulations of Takfeer] and “Saihatun-Nadheer” [An Outcry of the Warner] by their compiler – ‘Alee Hasan al-Halabi, and that they [the two books] are calling to the Madhhab of Irjaa [by claiming] that al-‘Amal [action] is not the condition for the correctness of Imaan, and he attributes this to Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, and basis these two books upon distorted reports from Sheikh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah, al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer and others than them two – May Allah have mercy upon all, as well as the desire of those sincere ones for an explanation to what exists in these two books so that the readers may acknowledge the truth from falsehood… and so on…
And after the study carried out by The Body of the two aforementioned books and the examination of them, it has become clear to The Body that the book “at-Tahdheer Min Fitnatit-Takfeer” compiled by ‘Alee Hasan al-Halabi, in what he appended to the statements of the Scholars in his forward as well as his footnotes, comprises of the following:
1 – Its author based it [the book] upon the false, innovated Madhhab of the Murji`ah, those who encircle al-Kufr, with the Kufr of Juhood [rejection], Takdheeb [denial] and al-Istihlaal al-Qalbee [making permissible that which is forbidden – in the heart, only] as it [appeared] on p.6 f.2 and p.22 and this is contrary to what Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah are upon, that al-Kufr occurs by al-I’itiqaad [belief], by al-Qawl [statements], by al-Fi’l [actions] and by ash-Shak [doubts].
2 – His distortion while conveying from Ibn Katheer – May Allah have Mercy upon him – from “al-Bidaayah an-Nihaayah” [The beginning and the end] 13/118, when he mentioned in the footnote on p.15, conveying from Ibn Katheer: “That Jankeez Khaan claimed regarding al-Yaasiq that it is from Allah, and this is the reason for their Kufr”, but when referring back to that passage [in the book we come to know that], what he attributed to Ibn Katheer – may Allah have Mercy upon him – was not found.
3 – Attributing an unfounded statement to Sheikhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah – may Allah have mercy upon him – on p.17-18 when the aforementioned compiler of the book, attributes to him, that the ruling on the Mubaddal [the one who replaces the Sharee’ah of Allah with other laws] according to Sheikh al-Islaam is not Kufr [Akbar], unless if [the replacement of the Sharee’ah] occurs with Ma’rifah [acknowledgement], I’tiqaad [belief] and Istihlaal [making permissible that which is forbidden], and this is merely a baseless statement attributed to Sheikhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah – May Allah have Mercy upon him – as he was the propagator of the Madhhab of the Salaf of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, and their Madhhab is what has preceded, whereas this [i.e. Alee Hasan’s Madhhab], indeed it is the Madhhab of the Murji`ah.
4 – His alteration of the intent of the eminent al-‘Allaamah ash-Sheikh Muhammad bin Ibraahim – May Allah have Mercy on him – in his article – Tahkeem al-Qawaaneen al-Wadha’eeyah [Ruling by man-made laws], when the compiler of the aforementioned book claims that the Sheikh places a condition of Istihlaal al-Qalbee [making permissible that which is forbidden – in the heart], whereas the statement of the Sheikh is as clear as the sun in his aforementioned article to the mainstream of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah.
5 – His comments upon the statements of those whom he mentioned from the people of knowledge, by implying a meaning from their statements which do not carry that meaning, as it appeared on p.108 f.1, p.109 f.21 and p.110 f.2.
6 – As there exists in the book showing insignificance to ruling with other than the laws of Allah, and especially on p.5 f.1 with a claim that having concern for the realisation of Tawheed in this issue has similarities with the Shee’ah – ar-Raafidhah – and this is a grave error.
7 – And by examining the second piece of work – Saihatun-Nadheer, it is found that it [the book] is as if a continuation of the aforementioned book [Fitnatut-Takfeer] – and its condition is as has been mentioned. For this reason, verily, The Permanent Body views that these two books, it is not permissible to publish them, nor propagating them, nor circulating them, due to what they contain from falsehood and distortion. And we advise their author to fear Allah regarding himself, and regarding the Muslims and especially their youth, and that he strives to gain Shara’ee knowledge first-hand from the Scholars, those trustworthy in regards to knowledge and correctness of their belief. And that knowledge is a trust, and it is not permissible to propagate it, unless it is in accordance to the Book and the Sunnah. And to uproot the likes of these opinions and the despicable method of distorting the statements of the people of knowledge. And it is known that to return to the truth is a virtue and a nobility for a Muslim.
And Allah is the granter of success, and the Salaah and Salaam of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his followers and his companions.
The Permanent body for research and legal opinion
Head Abdul ‘Azeez bin ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad Aal ash-Sheikh
Member ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdur-Rahmaan al-Gudeyaan
Member Bakr bin ‘Abdullah Abu Zaid
Member Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan
1) ‘Ali Hasan based his works on the heretical Murji doctrine
2) ‘Ali Hasan distorts statements of scholars and attributes to them what they never said
3) ‘Ali Hasan belittles the Kufr of ruling with man-made laws
4) It is Haram to publish or promote ‘Ali Hasan’s view on Iman and Kufr, for it is essentially a Murji view
5) ‘Ali Hasan al-Halabi is admonished and advised to fear Allah and to learn Islam from the scholars first-hand, implying that he neither fears Allah nor has he studied from scholars first-hand.
6) Aforementioned views are shared by Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Aal al-Shaykh, Shaykh ‘Abdullah b. al-Ghudayan, Shaykh Bakr b. ‘Abdullah Abu Zayd and Shaykh Salih b. Fawzan al-Fawzan